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This area allows you to search for and learn about artifacts published by the Sardis Expedition. Currently (2020) the database consists of artifacts in the exhibition and catalog “The Lydians and Their World” (Yapı Kredi Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul, 2010) and Jane Evans, Coins from the Excavations at Sardis: Their Archaeological and Economic Contexts. Coins from the 1973 to 2013 Excavations. In coming years we intend to add objects from other Sardis Reports and Monographs.

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Select an object type from the list below. Certain object types (including architectural terracottas, coins, pottery, sculpture) include subtypes (shape and ware of pottery, denomination and mint of coins) to refine your search.

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Select the language of inscribed texts from the list below.

Refine Metalwork

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Refine Sculpture

Refine Architectural Terracotta

Select a material from the list below.

Select a museum from the list below.

Select a Sardis CATNUM from the list below. CATNUM is made up from object type, year, and sequential number. BI = Bone Implement; G = Glass; J = Jewelry; L = Lamp; M = Metal; NoEx = not excavated; Org = Organic; P = Pottery; S = Sculpture. Coins are numbered with the year of discovery and a running number, or year, C, and a running number. Currently (Feb. 2020) this doesn't give a complete list, only the first 99 entries; to find a specific CATNUM, please use the full-text search at the top of the page.

Select a historical period from the (alphabetical) list below. Note that periods are defined culturally rather than politically, so Lydian (rather than Archaic) refers to the period ca. 800 BC - ca. 547 BC; Late Lydian or Persian (rather than Late Archaic or Classical) from ca. 547 until ca. 330 BC; Hellenistic until the earthquake of 17 AD; Roman and Late Roman continue until the early 7th century AD, except for coins where, as traditional, Prof. Evans begins the Byzantine period in the 6th century.

Select a publication name from the list below. LATW = Lydians and Their World (2010). R2 = Hanfmann and Ramage, Sculpture from Sardis (1978). M10 = Schaeffer, Ramage, and Greenewalt, The Corinthian, Attic, and Pottery from Sardis (1997). M13 = Evans, Coins from the Excavations at Sardis, 1973-2013 (2018). M14 = Petzl, Sardis: Greek and Latin Inscriptions, Part II (2019).

Select a site from the list below.

The stratigraphic contexts (findspots) of artifacts from Sardis are recorded at different levels of specificity. Sector is the most general, referring to a broad area of the city. Trenches are yearly excavation areas (in current usage) or more specific areas of sectors (in early records which used a different excavation system). A Locus is a single stratigraphic unit, i.e. a single deposit of soil, a destruction level, a grave, a dump or other deposit. For instance, MMS-I 84.1 Locus 34 is the destruction level from one room of a Lydian house just inside the fortification wall in sector MMS, containing a rich deposit of Lydian pottery and other artifacts. Note that loci can be continued over a number of years, and so belong to different trenches, if the same stratigraphic unit is excavated over a number of years. For a list of sectors see Hanfmann and Waldbaum, A Survey of Sardis and the Major Monuments Outside the City Walls (Sardis R1, 1975), 13-16. Currently (2020) in order to search for a specific locus, you must search for Trench first to narrow the results, and then search within that for the locus. Sorry.

The stratigraphic contexts (findspots) of artifacts from Sardis are recorded at different levels of specificity. Sector is the most general, referring to a broad area of the city. Trenches are yearly excavation areas (in current usage) or more specific areas of sectors (in early records which used a different excavation system). A Locus is a single stratigraphic unit, i.e. a single deposit of soil, a destruction level, a grave, a dump or other deposit. For instance, MMS-I 84.1 Locus 34 is the destruction level from one room of a Lydian house just inside the fortification wall in sector MMS, containing a rich deposit of Lydian pottery and other artifacts. Note that loci can be continued over a number of years, and so belong to different trenches, if the same stratigraphic unit is excavated over a number of years. For a list of sectors see Hanfmann and Waldbaum, A Survey of Sardis and the Major Monuments Outside the City Walls (Sardis R1, 1975), 13-16. Currently (2020) in order to search for a specific locus, you must search for Trench first to narrow the results, and then search within that for the locus. Sorry.

The stratigraphic contexts (findspots) of artifacts from Sardis are recorded at different levels of specificity. Sector is the most general, referring to a broad area of the city. Trenches are yearly excavation areas (in current usage) or more specific areas of sectors (in early records which used a different excavation system). A Locus is a single stratigraphic unit, i.e. a single deposit of soil, a destruction level, a grave, a dump or other deposit. For instance, MMS-I 84.1 Locus 34 is the destruction level from one room of a Lydian house just inside the fortification wall in sector MMS, containing a rich deposit of Lydian pottery and other artifacts. Note that loci can be continued over a number of years, and so belong to different trenches, if the same stratigraphic unit is excavated over a number of years. For a list of sectors see Hanfmann and Waldbaum, A Survey of Sardis and the Major Monuments Outside the City Walls (Sardis R1, 1975), 13-16. Currently (2020) in order to search for a specific locus, you must search for Trench first to narrow the results, and then search within that for the locus. Sorry.

Showing 279 results for:   R2
  • Lower Body and Feet of a Prehistoric Idol
    Lower Body and Feet of a Prehistoric Idol

    R2 Cat. 1

    Sculpture

    Schist, Stone

    Ca. 2500-2000 BC (?) (Early Bronze Age)

    Preserved are the lower body and legs tapering to small pointed feet. The interior of the legs is unfinished. This is an example of a flat idol of obese type.

    According to D.G. Mitten it is “like a silhouette cut-out of a mother goddess figurine.”

  • Bird’s Head
    Bird’s Head

    R2 Cat. 2

    Sculpture

    Marble, Stone

    Third Millenium BC? (Early Bronze Age)

    The round eye is made with a little chisel, the mouth by sawing and thin file or with abrasive. There were three strokes on the left of the neck to characterize feathers. This is not a Greek or Roman piece but either early Lydian or more likely Bronz...

  • Small, Crowned Female Head
    Small, Crowned Female Head

    R2 Cat. 3

    Sculpture

    Marble, Stone

    ca. 600 BC (Lydian)

    The hair is stylized in large “Daedalic” beads, with waves over the forehead; they are separated by incised lines on her right side with eight vertical beads in two tresses. Plain in back, the hair falls over the back of the throne. It curves around ...

  • Lower Part of Archaic Kore, “North Kore”
    Lower Part of Archaic Kore, “North Kore”

    R2 Cat. 4

    Sculpture

    Marble, Stone

    580-570 BC (Lydian)

    The lower part of the small female archaic statue is made in one piece with the base and has a back pillar. Her chiton falls in vertical folds down to the ground but leaves a niche for two schematized feet set apart. The oblique bit of garment seen a...

  • Lower Part of Small Archaic Kore
    Lower Part of Small Archaic Kore

    R2 Cat. 5

    Sculpture

    Marble, Stone

    580-570 BC (Lydian)

    Five near-vertical, straight chiseled folds flank either side of two wide ribbons which fall vertically from the belt. Preserved at the top right and left are bits of double-folded overhang from a himation. In addition to the overhang, there are thre...

  • Fragment of a Goddess Holding a Snake (?) Standing in Columnar Shrine, “South Kore”
    Fragment of a Goddess Holding a Snake (?) Standing in Columnar Shrine, “South Kore”

    R2 Cat. 6

    Sculpture

    Marble, Stone

    ca. 560 BC (Lydian)

    The figure of a woman is linked by background with a columnar structure. Standing stiffly, she holds in her huge right hand a wiggling snake, the tail of which drags on the ground. She wears a chiton with six vertical central folds and a short Ionic ...

  • Marble Naiskos of Cybele
    Marble Naiskos of Cybele

    R2 Cat. 7

    Sculpture

    Marble, Stone

    540-530 BC (Late Lydian (Persian))

    Monument in the form of a shrine decorated with reliefs, with goddess standing in front, henceforth referred to as “Cybele shrine.”

    A frontal female figure wearing a girt chiton stands between two snakes (or plants?) in the entrance of a shrine. The s...

  • “Mantle Wearer” (Kore?)
    “Mantle Wearer” (Kore?)

    R2 Cat. 8

    Sculpture

    Marble, Stone

    530-520 BC (Late Lydian (Persian))

    The statue stood with the I. leg slightly forward of the r., both arms down the sides. The figure wears a chiton with delicate wavy folds, half-length sleeves with long seams, and a wide semi-circular border with two edges around the neck. The cloak,...

  • Relief of Frontal Standing Draped Female Figure
    Relief of Frontal Standing Draped Female Figure

    R2 Cat. 9

    Sculpture

    Limestone, Stone

    520-500 BC (Late Lydian (Persian))

    The figure is carved into the flat broad surface of a rectangular limestone block which is plain on the sides and back. The background was treated with claw chisel, then smoothed. She stands with her small short feet parallel and slightly apart, arms...

  • Kore Torso
    Kore Torso

    R2 Cat. 10

    Sculpture

    Marble, Stone

    ca. 500 BC? (Late Lydian (Persian)?)

    The plain upper garment has a large overfold from the left shoulder. Almost entirely preserved is the powerful upper left arm; only the frontal part of the right arm remains. Small drill plus fine chisel work are used to separate arms from body. A cu...

  • Upper Part of Under-Lifesize Female Torso
    Upper Part of Under-Lifesize Female Torso

    R2 Cat. 11

    Sculpture

    Marble, Stone

    5th C. BC (Late Lydian (Persian))

    A heavy cloak with large round folds is draped over the right shoulder, and round clasps button the chiton at the shoulder. There are thin, cleanly chiseled but not as yet transparent folds at the shoulder and V of neck. The piece seems parallel to f...

  • Amazon or Artemis Upper Torso
    Amazon or Artemis Upper Torso

    R2 Cat. 12

    Sculpture

    Marble, Stone

    5th-4th C. BC? (Late Lydian (Persian)?)

    The r. arm was raised, l. extended sideways in fighting posture. The head was turned to proper l. The himation with overfold goes diagonally across the back and ties over the upper l. shoulder. Three short locks fall on the back of the r. shoulder wi...