• latw-214-10
    Arrowheads of bronze and iron from destruction debris in MMS/N. (©Archaeological Exploration of Sardis/President and Fellows of Harvard College)
  • latw-214-20
    Drawing of arrowheads from just inside the Lydian gate. (©Archaeological Exploration of Sardis/President and Fellows of Harvard College)

Seven arrowheads of bronze and iron

Date
ca. 570-540s BC, Lydian
Sardis or Museum Inv. No.
M95.008
Material
Iron, Bronze/Copper Alloy
Object Type
Metalwork
Metalwork Type
Weapon or Armor
Site
Sardis
Sector
MMS/N
Trench
MMS/N 95.1
Locus
MMS/N 95.1 Locus 154
B-Grid Coordinates
E160.5 - E161.5 / S13 - S15 *98.2 - 96.04
Description
Bronze arrowheads have sockets and are leaf-shaped (some with high, others with tapering “shoulders”) and trilobate; iron arrowheads have tangs and are triangular and four-sided. Lengths vary between 0.034 m and 0.052 m.
Comments
These examples belong to an assemblage of 136 arrowheads (107 of iron, 27 of bronze) recovered in and under destruction debris near a gate in the west side of the Lydian city wall (at excavation sector MMS/N). Bronze arrowheads probably would have been cast in molds, iron ones forged. For all arrowheads in the assemblage (and for others recovered elsewhere in association with the same destruction) each of the four shape types occurs either in bronze or iron. All shape types are widespread in western Anatolia and the Near East; for the objectives of different types and their problematic cultural identity, see Greenewalt 1997, 6-8.
See Also
Cahill, “Persian Sack”.
Bibliography
Greenewalt and Rautman 1998, 490-492; Greenewalt 1997, 2-8, 15-17.
Author
CHG