• m10-cor-2-10
    Overview of rim sherd. (©Archaeological Exploration of Sardis/President and Fellows of Harvard College)
  • m10-cor-2-20
    Drawing: profile. (©Archaeological Exploration of Sardis/President and Fellows of Harvard College)

Corinthian Geometric Linear Kotyle Fragment

Date
ca. 750-720 BC, Lydian
Sardis or Museum Inv. No.
P66.039
Material
Ceramic
Object Type
Pottery
Pottery Shape
Kotyle
Pottery Ware
Corinthian Geometric
Pottery Attribution
Site
Sardis
Sector
HoB
Trench
HoB
B-Grid Coordinates
W2 - W6 / S87 - S91 *96.6
Findspot
From the same area and level as the pit with skeletons (supra, "The Destruction Level at HoB," 7 and n. 20).
Description
Middle of LG. Large fragment from the rim of a kotyle, with a portion of the handle frieze. Exterior: a line of glaze on top of the lip and two horizontal lines of glaze below. In the handle frieze, vertical lines flank two joined triangles (this familiar pattern is variously referred to in the literature as either "bar and butterfly" or "double axe"). Portions of two vertical lines preserved on the left, ten on the right. Three horizontal lines of glaze preserved below the handle frieze. Interior: a reserved line near the rim. The remainder of the interior is glazed. Glaze: exterior, dark brown, thinning to reddish brown in places, streaky on the triangles. Interior: solid dark brown. Clay: hard, fine, and smooth. Pinkish yellow in hue. Throwing lines evident on both the interior and exterior. Munsell no. 10 YR 7/4 (very pale brown). Coldstream (private correspondence, February 1990) places the piece "comfortably within LG" and states that the decoration is "consistent with the heron type rather than with the earlier LG decoration of vertical chevrons." He notes (Coldstream, GGP 101--102) that the fabric of LG kotylai is often thinner and finer than that of the earlier drinking vessels. However, the LG kotylai are not as fine as the eggshell examples of EPC (cf. Cor 4). The kotyle rim from Sardis has the thicker wall usually associated with MG and/or earliest LG, but a decoration belonging to the heron type of LG. Coldstream dates LG between 750 and 720 (Coldstream, GGP 237). Therefore the Sardis rim fragment probably dates ca. 740--730.
Dimensions
P.H. 0.043; P.W. 0.05; diam. 0.165; Th. 0.004
Comments
Cf. Coldstream, GGP 101, pl. 19:l (Munich, Schoen Coll.); for the thickness of the wall, ibid., 101--102. Cf. Anderson, “Old Smyrna” pl. 21, no.13. For a similar piece at Columbia University, Jaunzems, no. 19; she cites Perachora II, 66, nos. 474, 475.
See Also
Bibliography
Author
JS