• m10-cor-1-10
    Profile view. (©Archaeological Exploration of Sardis/President and Fellows of Harvard College)
  • m10-cor-1-20
    Three-quarter, angle view. (©Archaeological Exploration of Sardis/President and Fellows of Harvard College)
  • m10-cor-1-30
    Profile view. (©Archaeological Exploration of Sardis/President and Fellows of Harvard College)

Corinthian Geometric Narrow-Necked Oinochoe

Date
ca. 750-720 BC, Lydian
Museum
Manisa, Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum, 4951
Museum Inventory No.
4951
Sardis or Museum Inv. No.
P62.294
Material
Ceramic
Object Type
Pottery
Pottery Shape
Oinochoe
Pottery Ware
Corinthian Geometric
Pottery Attribution
Site
Sardis
Sector
HoB
Trench
HoB
B-Grid Coordinates
E5 / S100 ca. *97.5 - 97
Findspot
HoB scattered: six wall fragments at E 5.00/S 100.00 *97.00; one sherd at W 0-1.00/S94.00-95.00*96.00 (uppergravel);eleven wall fragments at W 2.00/S 98.00 *97.20; two wall fragments found and recorded with the handle and neck at W 2.00-5.00/S97.00-100.00*97.40 (burnt floor); foot at W 0-5.00/S101.00-103.00 *97.40 (burnt floor). Most are from the "Upper Burning" or destruction level, n o w designated Lydian III (supra, "The Destruction Level at HoB," 7 and n. 24).
Description

Reconstructed. Portion of the trefoil mouth, body, and foot restored. Solid glaze on the trefoil mouth. Medium bands of black glaze on the neck (11), shoulder (3), and body (19). Similar bands on the exterior of the handle. A wide band of black glaze in the shoulder frieze (at the juncture of the handle) with reverse sigmas in groups of six executed in cream-colored "paint." The "paint" is actually a fine solution of yellow clay (Coldstream, GGP 97). Solid black glaze on the lower fourth of the body and on the ring of the foot. Portions of the body show signs of burning. Clay: hard and fairly fine. Yellow-buff. Munsell no. 10 YR 7/4 (very pale brown). Glaze: black misfired to red on the mouth, a portion of the neck, and an area of the shoulder.

The oinochoe is one of the few nearly complete vessels of Corinthian manufacture found at Sardis. The fragments were scattered, as though broken and trampled underfoot during the siege.

I reconstructed the oinochoe in 1973 with the able assistance of conservator A. P. Lins. The body and foot fragments joined perfectly with the neck and handle. The body (found in 1962) and the foot (found a short distance from the neck and handle in 1965) were previously thought to belong to separate vases.

J. N. Coldstream (private correspondence, 16 February 1990) dates the oinochoe to "the early years of Late Geometric," in part on "the grouping of the sigmas with empty spaces in between."

Dimensions
H. 0.0194; diam. of neck, 0.035, of shoulder, 0.085, of belly, 0.125, of foot 0.080; Th. of neck, 0.007, of belly, 0.005.
Comments
Cf. a similar piece from Aetos, Benton, “Aetos” pl. 58, no. 972, pointed out to me by K. DeVries. The decoration is comparable to Corinth VII:1, pl. 15, no. 104 (dated LG). The type developed from MG-II examples. See Coldstream, GGP pl. 18:a (T2455, Corinth Mus.).
See Also
Bibliography
Published: Hanfmann, SPRT 29, fig. 38; BASOR 182 (1966) 10.
Author
JS