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This area allows you to search for and learn about artifacts published by the Sardis Expedition. Currently (2017) the database consists of artifacts in the exhibition and catalog “The Lydians and Their World” (Yapı Kredi Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul, 2010). In coming months we intend to add objects from all Sardis Reports and Monographs.

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Select an object type from the list below. Certain object types (including architectural terracottas, coins, pottery, sculpture) include subtypes (shape and ware of pottery, denomination and mint of coins) to refine your search.

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Select a Sardis CATNUM from the list below. CATNUM is made up from object type, year, and sequential number. BI = Bone Implement; G = Glass; J = Jewelry; L = Lamp; M = Metal; NoEx = not excavated; Org = Organic; P = Pottery; S = Sculpture. Coins are numbered with the year of discovery and a running number, or year, C, and a running number.

Select a historical period from the (alphabetical) list below.

Select a publication name from the list below. For abbreviations, please see the list of publications (linked from the top of the page)

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The stratigraphic contexts (findspots) of artifacts from Sardis are recorded at different levels of specificity. Sector is the most general, referring to a broad area of the city. Trenches are yearly excavation areas (in current usage) or more specific areas of sectors (in early records which used a different excavation system). A Locus is a single stratigraphic unit, i.e. a single deposit of soil, a destruction level, a grave, a dump or other deposit. For instance, MMS-I 84.1 Locus 34 is the destruction level from a Lydian house just inside the fortification wall in sector MMS, containing a rich deposit of Lydian pottery and other artifacts. Note that loci can be continued over a number of years, and so belong to different trenches, if the same stratigraphic unit is excavated over a number of years. For a list of sectors see Hanfmann and Waldbaum, A Survey of Sardis and the Major Monuments Outside the City Walls (Sardis R1, 1975), 13-16.

The stratigraphic contexts (findspots) of artifacts from Sardis are recorded at different levels of specificity. Sector is the most general, referring to a broad area of the city. Trenches are yearly excavation areas (in current usage) or more specific areas of sectors (in early records which used a different excavation system). A Locus is a single stratigraphic unit, i.e. a single deposit of soil, a destruction level, a grave, a dump or other deposit. For instance, MMS-I 84.1 Locus 34 is the destruction level from a Lydian house just inside the fortification wall in sector MMS, containing a rich deposit of Lydian pottery and other artifacts. Note that loci can be continued over a number of years, and so belong to different trenches, if the same stratigraphic unit is excavated over a number of years. For a list of sectors see Hanfmann and Waldbaum, A Survey of Sardis and the Major Monuments Outside the City Walls (Sardis R1, 1975), 13-16.

The stratigraphic contexts (findspots) of artifacts from Sardis are recorded at different levels of specificity. Sector is the most general, referring to a broad area of the city. Trenches are yearly excavation areas (in current usage) or more specific areas of sectors (in early records which used a different excavation system). A Locus is a single stratigraphic unit, i.e. a single deposit of soil, a destruction level, a grave, a dump or other deposit. For instance, MMS-I 84.1 Locus 34 is the destruction level from a Lydian house just inside the fortification wall in sector MMS, containing a rich deposit of Lydian pottery and other artifacts. Note that loci can be continued over a number of years, and so belong to different trenches, if the same stratigraphic unit is excavated over a number of years. For a list of sectors see Hanfmann and Waldbaum, A Survey of Sardis and the Major Monuments Outside the City Walls (Sardis R1, 1975), 13-16.

Showing 234 results for:  
  • Sandstone Lion from Altar of Cybele, Pactolus North
    Sandstone Lion from Altar of Cybele, Pactolus North

    Sculpture

    Sandstone, Stone

    Ca. 570-560 BC (Lydian)

    Sandstone lion sculpture from SW corner of the altar at PN. “Very crumbly, broken in two parts, about two thirds of forepart of head broken off... but right eye preserved. Mouth preserved only at sides...” (Hanfmann and Ramage). Height 0.405 m, le...

  • Terracotta Bellows Nozzle
    Terracotta Bellows Nozzle

    Miscellaneous

    Terracotta

    First half of the sixth century BC (Lydian)

    Terracotta nozzle of coarse clay. “Four joining pieces forming complete squarish outer and round inner section of a flat-faced tapering nozzle. Intense heating has melted away some of the tip, which is grossly misshapen with bits of vitrification ...

  • Touchstone
    Touchstone

    Miscellaneous

    Stone

    Ca. mid-sixth century BC (Lydian)

    Bar of very fine black stone, rectangular in section, broken at one end, other end finished. Polished smooth surface, slightly convex. Preserved length 0.052 m, width 0.012 m; thickness 0.010 m.

  • Electrum Third-Stater
    Electrum Third-Stater

    Coin

    Electrum

    Ca. 630-560 BC (Lydian)

    Electrum third-stater. Obverse: roaring lion head, facing right, with “hairy nose wart.” Reverse: two incuse punches. Good condition. Weight 4.75 g, diameter 12 mm.

  • Electrum Third-Stater
    Electrum Third-Stater

    Coin

    Electrum

    Ca. 630-560 BC (Lydian)

    Electrum third-stater. Obverse: roaring lion head, facing right, with “hairy nose wart.” Reverse: two incuse punches. Good condition. Weight 4.75 g, diameter 11 x 13 mm.

  • Electrum Twelfth-Stater
    Electrum Twelfth-Stater

    Coin

    Electrum

    Ca. 630-575 BC (Lydian)

    Electrum coin of one-twelfth stater weight (Ephesus Excavations Inventory ART 86/L567). Obverse: roaring lion head facing right, with a round “wart” on top of the muzzle; the wisps of the mane pointing downwards. Reverse: incuse punch. Diameter 0....

  • Electrum Twelfth-Stater with Lydian Inscription “walwet”
    Electrum Twelfth-Stater with Lydian Inscription “walwet”

    Coin

    Electrum

    Ca. 630-575 BC (Lydian)

    Electrum coin of twelfth-stater weight. Obverse: Roaring lion head facing right. Along right side of coin, three Lydian letters, “...WET.” Reverse: single punch. Diameter 0.007; weight 1.19 g.

  • Electrum Third-Stater with Lydian Inscription, “kukalim”?
    Electrum Third-Stater with Lydian Inscription, “kukalim”?

    Coin

    Electrum

    Ca. 630-600 BC (Lydian)

    Electrum coin of third-stater weight (Ephesus Excavations Inventory ART 94/K257). Obverse: two confronted lion’s heads, only the left-hand head struck on the coin, the right represented only by a bit of the nose along the right edge. Between the t...

  • Electrum Third-Stater with Two Boars’ Heads and Lydian Inscription
    Electrum Third-Stater with Two Boars’ Heads and Lydian Inscription

    Coin

    Electrum

    Ca. 630-575 BC (Lydian)

    Electrum coin of one-third stater weight (Ephesus Excavations Inventory ART 86/K345). Obverse: boar head facing left. At the left of the head are the Lydian letters of a partially preserved name, ...]L?ATE[..., and the tip of the snout and tusk o...

  • Electrum Twenty-Fourth Stater with Lion’s Paw
    Electrum Twenty-Fourth Stater with Lion’s Paw

    Coin

    Electrum

    Ca. 630-615 BC (the terminus ante quem of ca. 615 BC is certain from the stratigraphic context) (Lydian)

    Electrum coin of one twenty-fourth stater weight (Ephesus Excavations Inventory ART 94/K277). Obverse: four-clawed lion’s paw. Reverse: single punch. Weight: 0.56 g.

  • Hoard of Electrum Coins: 26 Electrum Third-Staters
    Hoard of Electrum Coins: 26 Electrum Third-Staters

    Coin

    Electrum

    Ca. 610-560 BC (Lydian)

    Twenty-six electrum coins, of one-third stater weight (Gordion inventory numbers 1078-1103). Obverse: roaring lion head facing right. Reverse: two incuse punches. Countermarks on edges of 1078 and 1079. Weight: 4.75 g; except for 1078, 1083-1085, ...

  • Hoard of Electrum Coins: Electrum Sixth-Stater
    Hoard of Electrum Coins: Electrum Sixth-Stater

    Coin

    Electrum

    Ca. 610-560 BC (Lydian)

    One electrum coin of sixth-stater weight (Gordion inventory number 1104). Obverse: roaring lion head facing right. Reverse: single punch. Weight 2.35 g.