• latw-90-1
    Lebes with lions and other creatures. View from side. (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)
  • latw-90-2
    Lebes with lions and other creatures. Detail. (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)
  • latw-90-3
    Lebes with lions and other creatures. Detail of lion. (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)

Lebes with lions and other creatures

Date
600-570 BC, Lydian
Museum
Manisa, Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum, 1676
Inventory No.
1676
Sardis CATNUM
P63.366
Material
Ceramic
Object Type
Pottery
Pottery Shape
Lebes
Pottery Ware
Lydian Orientalizing
Site
Sardis
Sector
HoB
Trench
HoB
Locus
HoB Locus 1963 Pottery Dump
Description
Pottery broken, mended, and partly restored. Exterior covered with cream slip over which decoration in reddish and dark brown-grey slip as follows: on rim, pattern band of alternating circles and dots and criss-crosses and dots, separated by pairs of vertical stripes; on shoulder and mid-body, animal friezes with filling ornament and border bands in red; on the shoulder frieze, spotted feline to left, two spotted deer to right, dog (?) to right; on the body frieze, palmette, grazing goat, and walking goat to right, two confronted walking lions, walking lion to right, walking deer to right. For filling ornament forms, distinctive coloring of animals, and proposed slip compositions, see Greenewalt 1970, 58-60, 74-75. Height 0.24.4 m, maximum diameter 0.32.2 m, measured brimful capacity 11.3 liters or 2.99 gallons (figures determined in 1996).
Comments
The lebes was recovered from an extramural occupation quarter of Sardis (sector HoB), with other pottery vessels, several of high-quality decoration, in what appeared to be a dump; No. 94 comes from the same dump. The distinctive combination of slips and decorative style is more or less closely paralleled in other orientalizing pottery at Sardis, and has been nicknamed “Sardis Style”.
Discussed
Greenewalt, “Lydian Pottery”; Greenewalt, “Bon Appetit”; Greenewalt, “Introduction”; Cahill, “City of Sardis”
Bibliography
Greenewalt 1970, 58-60, 73-75; Dedeoğlu 2003, 36, fig.
Author
CHG