• latw-69-1
    Carbonized garlic, with modern garlic for comparison. (Photograph by Crawford H. Greenewalt, jr.)

Carbonized foodstuffs

Date
Mid-sixth century BC, Lydian
Museum
Inventory No.
Sardis CATNUM
Org09.002
Material
Organic
Object Type
Organic
Site
Sardis
Sector
MMS
Trench
MMS-I 84.1
Locus
MMS-I 84.1 Locus 34
Description
Samples of carbonized foodstuffs from the Lydian houses in sector MMS-I (Cahill, “City of Sardis”), Areas 1, 3, and 4-6. These include wheat and barley, which would have been the staples of most ancient diets; tiny chickpeas; and carbonized garlic.
Comments
Large quantities of burned and carbonized foodstuffs are recovered only in unusual circumstances, such as when a house is destroyed by fire, as in the case of Sardis in the mid-sixth century (Cahill, “The Persian Sack of Sardis”). Among the larger finds were: a sack or basket full of barley; a large coarse handleless jar that contained chickpeas; another large cookingware amphora that contained barley in the “kitchen,” which was probably on a shelf over the grinding bench where the barley would have been ground; a cooking pot full of barley; and a head of garlic that was found next to a wall.
Discussed
Cahill, “City of Sardis”; Greenewalt, “Bon Appetit”; Cahill, “Persian Sack”
Bibliography
Greenewalt et al. 1988, 29; Greenewalt et al. 1990, 149; Cahill 2000
Author
NDC