• latw-50-1
    Bridle ornament in the form of a raptor head. (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)

Bridle ornament in the form of a raptor head

Date
Late seventh to early sixth centuries BC, Lydian
Museum
Manisa, Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum, 5941
Inventory No.
5941
Sardis CATNUM
M68.001
Material
Bronze/Copper Alloy, Lead
Object Type
Metalwork
Metalwork Type
Horsetrapping
Site
Sardis
Sector
PN
Trench
PN
Description
Bronze, with a filling of lead. The ornament features a raptor “head with solid curved beak and hollow neck forming base. The round eyes are in relief; pupil and beak defined by incision. The neck is pierced laterally by four circular openings; a fifth perforation is at the base” (Waldbaum 1983, 40). Maximum height 0.042 m.
Comments
Recovered from an extramural occupation quarter at Sardis (excavation sector PN). The piece is a Riemenkreuzung, which stabilized the crossing of two bridle straps (like two others, No. 51). “The once hollow neck was filled with lead secondarily, perhaps to convert it into a weight” (Waldbaum 1983, 40). Identified as “pseudonomadische” by Ivantchik.
Discussed
Greenewalt, “Horsemanship”
Bibliography
Waldbaum 1983a, 40, no. 85; Ivantchik 2001, 79-81, fig. 34, no. 4.
Author
CHG