• latw-50-1
    Bridle ornament in the form of a raptor head. (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)

Bridle ornament in the form of a raptor head

Date
Late seventh to early sixth centuries BC, Lydian
Museum
Manisa, Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum, 5941
Inventory No.
5941
Sardis CATNUM
M68.001
Material
Bronze, Lead
Object Type
Metalwork
Metalwork Type
Horsetrapping
Site
Sardis
Sector
PN
Trench
PN
Description
Bronze, with a filling of lead. The ornament features a raptor “head with solid curved beak and hollow neck forming base. The round eyes are in relief; pupil and beak defined by incision. The neck is pierced laterally by four circular openings; a fifth perforation is at the base” (Waldbaum 1983, 40). Maximum height 0.042 m.
Comments
Recovered from an extramural occupation quarter at Sardis (excavation sector PN). The piece is a Riemenkreuzung, which stabilized the crossing of two bridle straps (like two others, No. 51). “The once hollow neck was filled with lead secondarily, perhaps to convert it into a weight” (Waldbaum 1983, 40). Identified as “pseudonomadische” by Ivantchik.
Discussed
Greenewalt, “Horsemanship”
Bibliography
Waldbaum 1983a, 40, no. 85; Ivantchik 2001, 79-81, fig. 34, no. 4.
Author
CHG