• latw-36-1
    Watercolor reconstruction of a stemmed dish from Sardis showing Potnia Theron, interior. (Watercolor by Crawford H. Greenewalt, jr.)
  • latw-36-2
    Watercolor reconstruction of a stemmed dish from Sardis showing Potnia Theron, exterior. (Watercolor by Crawford H. Greenewalt, jr.)

Stemmed Dish with Orientalizing Decoration: Potnia Theron

Date
600-570 BC, Lydian
Museum
Inventory No.
Sardis CATNUM
P66.006
Material
Ceramic
Object Type
Pottery
Pottery Shape
Stemmed Dish
Pottery Ware
Lydian Orientalizing
Site
Sardis
Sector
HoB
Trench
HoB
Description
Stem and foot missing. Clay pink-orange-brown, soft, micaceous, friable. Inside and outside, cream-buff slip over which a decoration in matte grey-sepia and shiny orange-brown slip. Inside, figural composition of which female (?) face, wings, hands and arms, and snakes (?) survive. Outside, pendant and ascendent rosettes and free-field swastikas. Estimated diameter ca. 0.34 m.
Comments
The fragments were recovered from an extramural occupation quarter of Sardis (Expedition sector HoB), scattered over a zone ca. 30 m x 23 m. The interior composition evidently shows a potnia theron (goddess of wild creatures, a Homeric term borrowed in modern scholarship to designate a female figure, often winged, flanked by creatures, often of identical kinds, that she grasps or otherwise dominates) grasping snakes (?).
Discussed
Greenewalt, “Lydian Pottery”
Bibliography
Greenewalt 1970, 68-70, 84-85.
Author
CHG