• latw-133-10
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. (Photograph by Crawford H. Greenewalt, jr.)
  • latw-133-20
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments. Lamassu (Manisa 6277). (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)
  • latw-133-30
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. Eight-petal rosettes (Manisa 6278). (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)
  • latw-133-40
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. Lotus flowers (Manisa 6282). (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)
  • latw-133-50
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. Chain sections (Manisa 6279). (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)
  • latw-133-60
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. Lotus buds (Manisa 6281). (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)
  • latw-133-70
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. Rosettes with pins or pegs (Manisa 6286). (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)
  • latw-133-80
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. Pomegranate beads (Manisa 6284). (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)
  • latw-133-90
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. Pendants with cylindrical tubes and rosettes (Manisa 6285). (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)
  • latw-133-100
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. Four-petal rosettes (Manisa 6287). (Courtesy of the Vedat Nedim Tör Museum, Istanbul)
  • latw-133-110
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. (Photograph by Crawford H. Greenewalt, jr.)
  • latw-133-120
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. (Photograph by Crawford H. Greenewalt, jr.)
  • latw-133-130
    Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik. (Photograph by Crawford H. Greenewalt, jr.)

Gold fabric appliqués and ornaments from Kendirlik

Date
Late Lydian (Persian)
Museum
Manisa, Archaeological and Ethnographic Museum, 6277-6287
Inventory No.
6277-6287
Material
Gold
Object Type
Jewelry and Ornaments
Site
Sardis
Sector
BT
Description
Collection of gold ornaments and jewelry, belonging to one or more fabric items. According to Roosevelt (Roosevelt 2003, 632): “eight fragments probably belonging to various items of jewelry (two small pins or pegs with spherical heads (MM6283), two pomegranate bead pendants with cylindrical ribbed tubes (MM6284), and four other pendants with cylindrical ribbed tubes and small pins or pegs decorated with six-petal rosettes (MM6285) and assorted forms of stamped à jour appliqués. In addition to one figure of a winged bull, with human head and horns (lamassu?; MM6277), 25 lotus buds (MM6281), 26 lotus flowers (MM6282), and 41 crescent-shaped chain sections (MM6279) probably formed a lotus chain with alternating buds and flowers. Forty-one small eight-petal rosettes also may belong with this design group (MM6280). The configuration of the large number of remaining rosettes is unknown: 29 with eight petals each (MM6278), seven with pins or pegs (MM6286), and 192 with four petals each (MM6287).” Many items are pierced for attachments to fabric.
Comments
The tradition of decorating fabric with gold appliqués is well-known in Lydia, particularly in the Persian period, but it goes back to ancient Near Eastern traditions (see Özgen and Öztürk 1996, 166-7). Broadly similar examples are found in tombs at Sardis (in the Istanbul Archaeological Museum), the tumulus tombs around Uşak, particularly Toptepe (No. 182), and from the sanctuary of Artemis at Ephesus (Nos. 141-142). This is a particularly rich example with a wide variety of motifs.

These examples were recovered in 1976 during a salvage excavation of a looted sarcophagus from a tumulus group near Kendirlik in Bin Tepe. Other finds looted from the sarcophagus were not recovered.

Discussed
Meriçboyu, “Lydian Jewelry”; Baughan, “Lydian Burial Customs”; Özgen, “Lydian Treasure”
Bibliography
Dusinberre 1997, 199; Dusinberre 2003, 262-3; Roosevelt 2003, 631-2.
Author
NDC